- ¶ SO I turned and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun;
and behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they had no comforter to deliver them from the hand of their oppressors, having neither strength nor helper.
- Wherefore I praised the dead who are already dead more than the living who are still alive.
- But, better is he who has not yet been born than both of them, because he has not seen the evil work that is done under the sun.
- ¶ Then I saw that all the labor and all the work is successful because a man is more zealous than his neighbor.
This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
- The fool folds his hands together and suffers hunger.
- Better is a handful with quietness than both hands full with toil and vexation of spirit.
- ¶ Then I turned, and I saw vanity under the sun.
- When there is but one man, and not a second, and he has neither son nor brother, there is no end to all his labor.
Neither are his eves satisfied with riches;
neither does he say, For whom am I laboring and denying myself good things?
This is also vanity, and a grievous vexation.
- Two are better than one, because they have a good reward for their labor;
- For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow;
but woe to him who is alone when he falls;
for there is none to lift him up.
- Again, if two sleep together, they will be warm;
but how can one be warm alone?
- And if one is too strong for him, two shall withstand him;
and a threefold cord is not quickly broken.
- ¶ Better is a youth who is poor and wise than a king who is old and foolish, and does not know how to receive admonition.
- Out of prison he has come to reign, because also in his own kingdom he had been born miserable.
- I considered all the living who walk under the sun, with the young men, who shall rise up in their place.
- There is no end of all the people, even of all who have been before them;
and those also who come after shall not rejoice in them.
This also is vanity and vexation of spirit.