¶ I SAY, then, has God rejected his people?
Far be it.
For I also am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew.
Do you not know what the scripture says of Elijah?
How he complained to God against Israel, saying,
My Lord, they have killed thy prophets and demolished thine altars;
and I am left alone, and they seek my life.
And it was said to him in a vision, Behold I have reserved for myself seven thousand men who have not fallen on their knees to worship Baal.
Even so at the present time a remnant is preserved, elected by grace.
And if by grace, then it is not by works;
otherwise grace is no more grace.
But if by works, then it is not by grace;
otherwise work is no more work.
What then?
Israel has not obtained what it sought;
but the elected ones have obtained it, and the rest were dulled in their minds.
As it is written, God has given them a stubborn spirit, eyes that cannot see, and ears that cannot hear, to this very day.
And David said, Let their table become a snare and a trap and a stumbling-block and a reward to them.
Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and let their backs be bowed down always.
I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall?
Far be it.
But rather by their stumbling salvation has come to the Gentiles, in order to make them zealous.
Now if their stumbling has resulted in riches to the world, and their condemnation in riches to the Gentiles, how much more is their restoration?
It is to you Gentiles that I speak, inasmuch as I am the apostle to the Gentiles, and perhaps magnify my ministry;
But if I am able to make those who are my flesh zealous, I may thus save some of them.
And if their rejection has resulted in reconciliation of the world, how much more will their restoration be?
Indeed it will be life from the dead.
For if the first fruit is holy, the rest of the lump is also holy;
and if the root is holy, so are the branches.
And if some of the branches were cut off, and you who are a branch of a wild olive tree have been grafted in their place, and you have become a partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree,
Do not boast over the branches.
For if you boast, it is not you who sustains the root, but the root sustains you.
Perhaps you may say, The branches were cut off that I might be grafted in their place.
Well, they were cut off because of their unbelief, but you exist by faith.
Be not highminded, but reverence God.
For if God did not spare the natural branches, it may well be he will not spare you.
Consider therefore the goodness and severity of God: on those who fell, severity;
but on you, goodness, if you continue in his goodness;
otherwise you also will be cut off.
And even they, if they do not abide in their unbelief, will be grafted in;
for God is able to graft them in again.
For if you who have been cut from the wild olive tree, which is natural to you, and grafted contrary to your nature to become a good olive tree;
how much more fruitful would they be, if they were grafted into their natural olive tree?
I am desirous, my brethren, that you should know this mystery, so that you may not be wise in your own conceits;
for blindness of heart has to some degree befallen Israel, until the end of the Gentiles shall come.
And then all Israel shall be saved;
as it is written, A deliverer shall come out of Zion, and he shall remove ungodliness from Jacob;
And then they shall have the same covenant from me, when I have forgiven their sins.
Now according to the gospel, they are enemies for your sake.
But according to election, they are beloved for the patriarchs’ sakes.
For God does not withdraw his gift and his call.
Just as you were formerly disobedient to God and have now obtained mercy because of their disobedience,
Likewise, they are also disobedient now to the mercy which is upon you, that there may be mercy upon them also.
For God has included all men in disobedience, that he might have mercy on every man.
¶ O the depth of the riches, the wisdom, and the knowledge of God!
For no man has searched his judgment, and his ways are inscrutable.
For who has known the mind of the Lord or who has been his counsellor?
Or who has first given to him and then received from him?
For of him and through him and to him are all things.
To him be glory and blessing for ever and ever.